- WP 1
- WP 2
- WP 3
- WP 4
- WP 5
- WP 6
- WP 7
- WP 8
- WP 9
Definition of requirements and system analysis
The objectives of WP1 are to:
- Identify the targeted users and specifically their needs and requirements.
- Define state of the art processes for planning, managing and assessing harvesting operations and supply chains in mountainous areas.
- Define a comprehensive set of information to support the implementation of more timely decisions, and improve the quality of decisions.
- Detail the data and metadata model covering the use of SLOPE.
- Define the hardware, equipment, sensors and mobile devices to be used.
- Define the HMI requirements, especially for the on-field devices and machines.
- Define and document the system architecture to be used.
- Define the project technicalities and technical requirements such as use case special conditions (i.e. system failures, interdependencies, interfaces etc.).
The work under WP1 will result in specifications, user requirements, and guiding models to be used in the design and development tasks of WP2-WP3-WP4-WP5. End users and SMEs will be the leading actors supported by the scientific and technical expertise of the rest of the consortium.
|D1.01||User Requirements Report||A document detailing the results of T1.1. It will contain the information acquired from the interviews with the users and an evaluation of this information with regard to SLOPE system requirements.|
|D1.02||Human Machine Interface||A document detailing the results of T1.3. It will contain the identification of the Human Machine Interfaces and their specifications related the project purpose.|
|D1.03||Data and Metadata Model Report||This report will provide details of the Data and Metadata model defined to conceptualize the SLOPE Forest Information system.|
|D1.04||Technical Requirements Report||This document will detail the requirements of the project with regard to H/W, S/W, special use cases such as system failures, interfaces, interdependencies with other systems etc. This will be ready two months after resolving all the system architecture.|
|D1.05||System Architecture specifications||This deliverable will contain the detailed specifications of the SLOPE system architecture into UML formalization, based on the content of other technical reports.|
Forest information collection and analysis
The main WP’s purpose is to develop methodologies and tools to fully describe terrain and stand characteristics, in order to evaluate the accessibility for and efficiency of harvesting technologies in mountain forests. The overall methodology starts from low scale remote sensing and multispectral analysis for raw estimation of the whole biomass volumes, to reach detailed information on individual trees from high-resolution on-field surveys (UAVs, Terrestrial laser scanner). High spatial resolution data with images Ground Sample Distance (GSD) smaller than the dimensions of individual tree crowns provide spectral information on individual trees as well as their health status.
DSM generated using UAV images, terrestrial laser scanner analysis and existing topographic information allow the generation of a detailed 3D virtual model of the forest, which will be used for the planning and simulation of the harvesting operations, optimization of logistics and road planning. 3D visualization of forest landscapes can be used to visualize stand succession, landscape transformation, and regional planning, and to improve harvesting decision-making processes.
A combination of techniques based on image and laser data will provide height and breast height diameter (DBH) of all individual trees, as well as other geometrical information (i.e. straightness, taper, etc.) that will be used to define tree quality indicators in WP4. The data collected and extracted will be used to populate a forest information model for harvesting purposes.
|D2.01||Remote Sensing data and analysis||This deliverable will contain a report on remote sensing data collected, the methodologies and algorithm to extract needed information and the generated output information.|
|D2.02||UAV data and analysis||This deliverable will contain a report on UAV data collected, the methodologies and algorithm to extract needed information and the generated output information.|
|D2.03||TLS data and analysis||This deliverable will contain a report on TLS data collected, the methodologies and algorithm to extract needed information and the generated output information.|
|D2.04||Harvest simulation tool based on 3D forest model||Software platform to visualize the 3D forest environment and to simulate harvest processing.|
|D2.05||Road and logistic simulation module||Software component, which allow simulating road and logistic planning and operations.|
Integration of novel intelligent harvesting systems operating in mountain areas
The objective of WP3 is to set up the machines and tools required to create an intelligent interaction among all the operators involved in forest harvesting in steep terrain. From the phase of tree marking to the final operations of processing, piling, loading and delivery of timber and biomass, the information generated in WP2 will be linked to the single product unit (whole tree, logs) by mean of barcodes and RFID tags (data carriers). Along the production chain, quality and quantity data will be added by a number of sensors and included in data carriers as well as transmitted to a central data server. Data transmission to the central server/cloud will be accomplished in real time by each machine independently. A dual GPRS and Satellite communications system will be used to keep the data moving real time from the harvester. Additionally, a black-box system, ideally located in the vehicle used for commutes the operators, will also store the produced data. In case of missing GPRS/UMTS coverage, the black-box will transmit the daily data as soon as it reaches an area with sufficient coverage.
|D3.01||Portable RFID tag reader/programmer||Prototype of portable RFID tag reader/programmer, for equipping foresters and forest workers.|
|D3.02||RFID tag test||Report on field test results for portable equipment performance and optimal positioning of RFID tags in standing and felled trees.|
|D3.03||Intelligent cable-crane carriage||Prototype of intelligent cable-crane carriage and report on first laboratory tests for RFID tags reading, data collection and transmission.|
|D3.04||Intelligent processor||Prototype of intelligent processor and report on results of laboratory tests for log quality evaluation and timber marking (RFID tag and/or barcodes).|
|D3.05||Intelligent truck||Prototype of intelligent Truck, featuring a fleet management system (GPS, CANBUS, GPRS control) and RFID tag reader.|
|D3.06||RFID tag survival test along the supply chain||Report on RFID tag “survival rate” and info reporting along the process (as simulated in laboratory or preliminary tests conditions).|
|D3.07||Black-box for back up and data trasmission||Prototype of portable, internal powered black-box for daily/weekly data back-up and for data transmission in areas without GPRS coverage.|
|D3.08||Requirement analysis and market analysis and Purchase of the head processor||Report on the study and procedure followed to select the appropriate processor head for SLOPE purposes.|
|D3.09||Reverse engineering of the head processor for virtual model, simulation and integration design||Report on the study and reverse engeineering of the processor head for the adaption of SLOPE purposes.|
Multi-sensor model-based quality control of mountain forest production
WP4 aims at exploiting advantages of combined diagnostics techniques and multivariate data analysis for more reliable and rational assessment of the harvested material. Multi-sensor analysis aims at estimating both extrinsic and intrinsic quality indicators (related to the external characteristics of the tree and the internal wood structure, respectively). A scope of WP4 is the definition of threshold values and variability models of the selected quality indicators for the different end-uses (i.e. wood processing industries, bioenergy production).
The final objective is to combine all obtained “quality-related information” provided by machines/operators during on-field survey (T2.3), harvesting and processing (WP3). The aim is to benefit from the system’s ability for tracking (assure propagation of information about material characteristics along the value chain) and in consequence improving the grading system reliability.
Due to its distribution, and economical relevance (especially in the alpine region, where demonstrations are planned) the proposed quality control procedures will be implemented for Norway spruce (Picea abies) wood. The development of an integrated system for quality control of mountain forest production will be based on multi-sensor approach principle, and will include combination of several “quality indexes” computed on a base of different measurements.
Both, technologies commercially available and newly developed (within framework of SLOPE project) will be evaluated and possibly implemented also considering harsh operating conditions. The first set of techniques will include measurement of the log dimension (both diameters and length) and weight (of the whole tree, cut-to-length logs as well as tree residues). It will be performed by means of already available equipment installed on the forest machinery, eventually optimized for use on steep terrain, according to T3.4. The innovative set of measurement techniques (as described in the following tasks) will be validated in a dedicated research campaign located in the Italian Alps (Trentino region). All the activities of WP4 will be coordinated, in order to generate corresponding results from different techniques on the base of identical samples.
|D4.01||Existing grading rules for log/biomass||This deliverable will contain a report on existing log/biomass grading criteria and criteria gap analyses.|
|D4.02||On-field survey data for tree characterization||This deliverable will contain a list of extrinsic quality indicators from on-field survey data.|
|D4.03||Establishing NIR measurement protocol||This deliverable will contain a report and recommended protocol for collection of NIR spectra.|
|D4.04||Establishing hyperspectral imaging measurement protocol||This deliverable will contain a report and recommended protocol for hyperspectral image acquisition.|
|D4.05||Establishing acoustic-based measurement protocol||This deliverable will contain a report and protocol for the acoustic-based measurement procedure.|
|D4.06||Establishing cutting power measurement protocol||This deliverable will contain a report and recommended protocol for collection of data chainsaw and delimbing cutting process.|
|D4.07||Estimation of log/biomass quality by external tree shape analysis||Numerical procedure for the definition of the “3D tree quality index”.|
|D4.08||Estimation of log/biomass quality by NIR||Set of chemometric models for characterization of different “quality indicators” by means of NIR and definition of “NIR quality index”.|
|D4.09||Estimation of log quality by hyperspectral imaging||Set of chemometric models for interpretation of hyperspectral images and definition of “HI quality index”.|
|D4.10||Estimation of log quality by acoustic methods||Numerical procedure for determination of “SW quality index” on the base of optimized acoustic velocity conversion models.|
|D4.11||Estimation of log quality by cutting power analysis||Numerical procedure for determination of “CP quality index” on the base of cutting processes monitoring.|
|D4.12||Implementation and calibration of prediction models of log/biomass quality classes and report on the validation procedure||This deliverable will contain a report on the validation procedure, and results of the quality class prediction models, and integration in the SLOPE cloud data base.|
Forest information system development
The objective of WP5 is the development of a mountain forest information system (FIS), which integrates the different data sources for the standing stock and the stock being harvested, and provides near real time access to this information. The information system will provide tools for using this data for different stages of planning, as well as in control and management of on-going operations.
The work related to the forest information system development will be based on the concept of an online enterprise resource planning system (ERP) that will provide access to the information for different kind of users, such as planners, logistic operators, brokers, end-users, and forest owners. Particular emphasis will be placed on the usability and scalability issues, so that non-expert users are able to utilize and join the system. Three types of models will be implemented to optimize and develop recommendations and guidelines for short term, mid-long term and contingency planning.
Although all models feed on similar information gathered and integrated through WP2, WP3 and WP4, the needs and objectives of each case are specific and therefore the model design and working conditions will be different.
|D5.01||Inventory module of the FIS||Design, implementation and deployment of the needed interfaces, table and views of the Forest Information System Database including Spatial-Database.|
|D5.02||Real time supply chain control module of the FIS||Software components to enable real time accessing, editing and reporting of information within FIS.|
|D5.03||Platform for purchaising/invoicing||Software platform to support purchasing/invoicing activities of the customer users.|
|D5.04||Short-term optimization module of the FIS||FIS Plug-in Module dedicated to the Short-term planning.|
|D5.05||Long/mid-term optimization module of the FIS||FIS Plug-in Module dedicated to the Long/mid-term planning.|
The main objective of the Work Package is to achieve a complete integration of the different components that are part of the SLOPE platform. This means ensuring that the system works properly and is ready for the field test and pilots in WP7. This WP will contain three basic System Integration phases, summarizing the validation results and providing recommendations for selected pilots of WP7. A further goal of this WP is to analyse the components of the SLOPE platform from the technical and economic point of view, composing the overall cost of the proposed working system and its benefits (economic, qualitative, social and possibly environmental) compared to the current harvesting systems in mountain forests.
The system integration phase will be mainly sub-divided into three main blocks: 1) into the first the forest inventory measurements and the harvesting measurement system will be integrated, 2) during the second the whole forest management system will be integrated and 3) finally a system validation process will be ensured. The assessment will be based on functional, performance and user experience collected feedback. The techno-economic analysis will follow the same pattern as the System Integration Phase, from which it will obtain most of the data, identifying three blocks: 1) the cost of each single element will be estimated within a range of options (e.g. cost of prototype vs. cost of industrial product) as well as an expected productivity and reliability of the operations, this phase will also provide thresholds of sustainability (minimum performances, maximum unit cost, etc.) to be addressed, 2) estimated productivity and cost of the whole system will be assessed under different scenarios (sensitive analysis) by mean of simulations models with the aim to identify bottlenecks and critical elements to be solved and 3) based on the data provided by in forest demos productivity and cost models will be developed, those will be also used for a wider system analysis comparing alternative working systems and addressing several sustainability aspects (economic, qualitative, social, environmental) by mean of multicriteria analysis. This last step will also consider the effect of EU and national politics (e.g. Due Diligence in timber trade) and the market trends on the overall benefits.
|D6.01||System Integration and Validation Plan||This deliverable will include integration and validation concept procedures and timeline in order to validate the capabilities of the developed SLOPE system. The test and validation concept procedures will be based on the use cases defined in WP1.|
|D6.021||System Integration Report I||This deliverable will include the integration test and validation concept procedures results summarizing the capabilities of the developed SLOPE system. It will also include assessment of the initial user experience and recommendations for the field trials operations.|
|D6.022||System Integration Report II||This deliverable will include the integration test and validation concept procedures results summarizing the capabilities of the developed SLOPE system. It will also include assessment of the initial user experience and recommendations for the field trials operations.|
|D6.023||System Integration Report III||This deliverable will include the integration test and validation concept procedures results summarizing the capabilities of the developed SLOPE system. It will also include assessment of the initial user experience and recommendations for the field trials operations.|
|D6.03||SLOPE System Field Trials Readiness Assessment Report||This deliverable will include assessment of the initial user experience and recommendations for the field trials operations. It will also provide guidance and the system operation manual for the Field Trials operators.|
|D6.041||SLOPE System Techno-Economic Evaluation Report I||This deliverable will analyze the technical and economical aspects of the SLOPE system compared to the current practices and the potential known alternatives. It will be released in three different issues according to the type of productive and cost data available at the given project development phase: estimates, preliminary results, and final results.|
|D6.042||SLOPE System Techno-Economic Evaluation Report II||This deliverable will analyze the technical and economical aspects of the SLOPE system compared to the current practices and the potential known alternatives. It will be released in three different issues according to the type of productive and cost data available at the given project development phase: estimates, preliminary results, and final results.|
|D6.043||SLOPE System Techno-Economic Evaluation Report III||This deliverable will analyze the technical and economical aspects of the SLOPE system compared to the current practices and the potential known alternatives. It will be released in three different issues according to the type of productive and cost data available at the given project development phase: estimates, preliminary results, and final results.|
Piloting the SLOPE demonstrator
The objective of this WP is to execute the machine and systems development and demonstrations. Two main supply chains (whole-tree system vs. cut-to-length system) will be demonstrated in practice in three different countries (Italy, Austria, and Norway) together with the associated models implemented in various IT-systems. Another objective of this WP is to accelerate the introduction of the new technology by making it highly visible to the largest possible number of potential stakeholders during field demonstrations and trade fairs. To support the implementation of these new technologies, training-on the job stakeholders will be provided during the pilot phase through guidelines, manuals and trials. WP7 submits key reports and newsletter tests on their activities and results to WP8 for dissemination.
|D7.01||Protocol for the definition of evaluation methodology||The deliverable describes the selected evaluation methodology for testing system and equipment within the SLOPE framework.|
|D7.02||Protocol for the experimental design of demonstration activities||Characterisation of the experimental design will give a guideline for all partners for executing field trails and other demonstration activities. This protocol makes the evaluation reproducible and gives a higher acceptance to external institutions.|
|D7.031||Demo report for data collection I||This report gives an overview of all collected data in the first demo phase. The documentation will also include metadata information to allow an assessment of data quality.|
|D7.032||Demo report for data collection II||This report gives an overview of all collected data in the second demo phase. The documentation will also include metadata information to allow an assessment of data quality.|
|D7.04||Demo report for quality control||This report gives an overview of executed demonstration in the field of the quality control system. The report allows an estimation of the performance of the automated system in SLOPE.|
|D7.05||Demo report for timber supply performance & ERP||A report describes the performance of the Forest Information System (FIS) developed in SLOPE and compares the results with other ERP systems adopted in forestry and biomass supply.|
|D7.06||Reports and manuals for off-the-job training||This deliverable includes reports and manuals, which explain system, models and framework of SLOPE.|
|D7.07||Manuals, guidelines and learning packages for on-the-job training||The tools developed in this deliverable are helpful for the training of specific tasks. They are more practical and will explain new systems and prototypes by training on-the-job.|
Openness with other activities, dissemination and exploitation of results
The first aim of this work package is to achieve the widest dissemination of the technical results of the project within the membership of the consortium, the scientific community and, more important, within the European forestry and agricultural sector. In order to achieve this aim, the following objectives will are proposed:
- Disseminate the SLOPE results broadly among stakeholders of the whole production process.
- Ensure the visibility of SLOPE activities and results, and maximize its utilisation by the European forestry and agricultural industry (including machinery and software solutions).
- Ensure follow up on results by the industry to create new economic activity.
Only dissemination activities necessary and related to the project may receive funding under this WP. On the other hand, a second big aim has been established in this work package: develop a committed exploitation plan in order to ensure a proper and fair exploitation of the project results, however no actual commercial exploitation and any concrete preparation thereof, as well as related activities (e.g. marketing) will be reported in this work package and under the project SLOPE in general as these activities are not eligible for EU funding.
|D8.01||Project website||Deployment of the SLOPE web site and web2.0 dissemination channels.|
|D8.021||Dissemination strategy and materials I||Periodical annual report on dissemination strategy, including the planned dissemination activities and the material to achieve a large diffusion of project results.|
|D8.022||Dissemination strategy and materials II||Periodical annual report on dissemination strategy, including the planned dissemination activities and the material to achieve a large diffusion of project results.|
|D8.023||Dissemination strategy and materials III||Periodical annual report on dissemination strategy, including the planned dissemination activities and the material to achieve a large diffusion of project results.|
|D8.03||SLOPE conference||Proceedings of SLOPE final conferences.|
|D8.04||Reports of workshops||Reports of the different Project workshops.|
|D8.05||Presenting Industrial Advisory Board||Document reporting the outputs and suggestion sorted out from the IAB meeting and discussion.|
|D8.06||Exploitation Plan Handbook||Report on the possible business model options for SLOPE stakeholders, including the technology developers, the network operators, the electricity consumers, etc. Including the relationship with standardization activities.|
|D8.07||Report on IPR & licensing policies||Report, at the practical and operational level, on the practices and procedures related to the management of IP.|
Financial and administrative management
The main objective of WP9 is to ensure that the project goals and objectives are met in compliance with the project work plan. It will ensure high standards in terms of organization and technical development. The WP9 will include routines and ad-hoc daily activities required to manage and supervise the project and to provide guidance and advice to all partners.
The management structure will be deployed to ensure proper control over the project‘s activities. This will be based on the organization of several boards that will ensure proper implementation of the management strategy as well as adherence with administrative, financial, technical requirements. Through the tasks described below, the objective is to ensure effective tracking of the activity to ensure high-quality project results.
|D9.01||Project Handbook||A document highlighting all procedures to be followed during the project, including definition of deliverables, communication practices, publication guidelines and reporting instructions.|
|D9.021||Six-monthly progress report I||Interim progress report on technical developments achieved, including the risk analysis.|
|D9.022||Six-monthly progress report II||Interim progress report on technical developments achieved, including the risk analysis.|
|D9.023||Six-monthly progress report III||Interim progress report on technical developments achieved, including the risk analysis.|
|D9.024||Six-monthly progress report IV||Interim progress report on technical developments achieved, including the risk analysis.|
|D9.025||Six-monthly progress report V||Interim progress report on technical developments achieved, including the risk analysis.|